When it comes to high-rise apartment buildings, there are a few different ways the structure can be designed and built. The most common high-rise apartment buildings structural system types are as follows:
Column and Beam Systems:
The column and beam system is one of high-rise apartment buildings’ most commonly used structural systems. This system consists of a series of vertical columns that support horizontal beams. The beams, in turn, support the weight of the floors and roof. The column and beam system is very strong and can support a large amount of weight. Additionally, this system is very flexible, making it ideal for high-rise buildings. This flexibility allows the building to withstand the forces of wind and earthquakes.
Braced frames are commonly used in high-rise apartment buildings. They are a type of structural system that uses diagonal members to stiffen the frame and resist lateral forces. Braced frames are effective at providing support for tall structures, and they can be used in both load-bearing and non-load-bearing walls. In addition, braced frames are often used in combination with other types of structural systems, such as moment frames or shear walls.
Moment frames are a type of structural system that is primarily used in earthquake-prone areas. This system uses rigid beams and columns to resist earthquake forces and is often used in conjunction with shear walls. Moment frames are typically made from reinforced concrete or steel, and they can be either non-ductile or ductile.
Non-ductile moment frames rely on the strength of the materials to resist seismic forces, while ductile moment frames are designed to deform under duress without collapsing. Both types of moment frames have their advantages and disadvantages, and engineers must carefully consider each option before deciding which one to use. However, one thing is certain: moment frames play an essential role in protecting structures from earthquakes.
Core Wall Systems:
Core wall systems are a type of structural system that uses a central concrete core to support the weight of the building. They are typically used in high-rise buildings because they provide high strength and stability. The concrete core helps to redistribute the weight of the building, and the walls promote lateral stability.
Core wall systems can be adapted to any building shape, making them very versatile. One downside of core wall systems is that they can be expensive to construct. However, their overall strength and stability make them popular for many high-rise buildings.
Different tube systems exist, but all get their name from their general shape – they look like giant tubes! This type of system is very efficient in resisting wind forces.
Tube systems are most often used to construct bridges and tall buildings. One advantage of using a tube system is that it is very efficient in materials – less material is needed to create a strong structure. Another advantage is that tube systems are very good at resisting lateral forces, such as wind. Therefore, they are often used in areas where high winds are a concern.
A few different types of structural systems can be employed in high-rise apartment buildings. Each system has its own advantages and disadvantages, so it is important to consult with an engineer or architect to determine which system is best suited for your project.