Learning More About Rough Framing

Six storey frame building under construction on concrete foundation bed.

The practice of framing a building is also known as rough carpentry. The process involves fitting together numerous pieces of materials such as wood, concrete and brick. Rough framing is used in constructing new buildings from scratch as well as adding rooms to existing buildings.

The framework of a building is extremely important, serving as the foundation for the entire property. Giving the structure its size and shape, it must be strong enough to support the weight of everything attached to it, regardless of whether it is a one-storey house or multi-storey office block. The key to a sound and durable building, choosing a reliable construction framer is crucial.

In this post, we will talk about the framing elements that can be found in different parts of the house.


The length of the floor is supported by horizontal framing components known as joists. The wall panels will subsequently be attached to these joists. Joists are covered with floor sheathing and subflooring, a structural panel that is fastened to the structure. The subflooring has the job of carrying loads from above to the floor joists. In addition, a floor truss is made up of lumber and metal plates to support the floor.


There are three main kinds of walls that can be found in most buildings today. They are:

  • Load-bearing walls: As implied by its name, load-bearing walls support weights from the above floor. In the case of the highest floor, these walls are used to support the roof.
  • Partition walls: Partition walls do not carry weight and are used for purposes such as distinguishing one space from another. They are built separately from the main structure, which is designed to bear weight.
  • Shear walls: These walls do not bear vertical loads of weight like load-bearing walls but are designed to resist lateral forces from adverse weather conditions.

In addition, a number of other components such as the sill, studs, sheathing and top and bottom plates all go into the structure of a wall. A top plate sits on top of wall frames to support ceilings and rooves. Bottom plates sit on the floor, forming the bottom of the wall. Studs, vertical framing components, connect the top and bottom plates.


The frame of ceilings is made up of joists, which span the entire length, transferring the load of the roof to the studs.


Two common options for roof framing are rafters and trussing. The use of rafters is also known as “stick framing” and are a good option for those who want a vaulted ceiling or attic. Trusses are designed to distribute the load of the roof over a wider area. Lastly, decking sits on top of the rafters or trusses, serving as the weatherproofing layer.

Work with US Framing for Construction Projects

Do you require framing services for your property? If so, look no further than US Framing. Since our inception in the 90s, we have framed a wide range of buildings including hotels, student housing, apartments and more. Please feel free to contact us for more information or a quote.